A septic container is a chamber used for the retention and partial treatment of local wastewater. Effluent from the fish tank is discharged to the land through perforated pipes under the floor surface. A septic tank can be utilized wherever garden soil characteristics are appropriate and where there is enough ground depth above the ground water table. The population being offered must be sufficiently sparse to allow enough area for the distribution field required. A septic reservoir is not normally used to serve a human population exceeding 150 people because of the disposal field considerations (MELP, 1978). A conventional gravel-and-pipe drainfield starts with a level-bottom trench located from 1 to 3 foot beneath the earth, but at least 2 ft above the groundwater stand. A perforated drainpipe works along the center of the trench over 6 to 12 inches of gravel. A few more inches of gravel cover it. A silt barrier-a man made fabric-covers the gravel and pipe, rejecting silt and dirt, and then earth backfills the trench. Once effluent extends to the drain system, the gravel and land act as a natural filter to stress and remove harmful bacteria, trojans, and other poisons so the normal water is clean by the time it reaches groundwater sources.
Siphons and Pumps - are being used to send out wastewater in systems where garden soil and site conditions do not allow circulation by gravity. Siphons are used in systems that want even circulation over a large area (i.e. more than 150 m of pipe). The effluent moves from a dosing container, to the siphon, then to the disposal field in pressurized doses, making uniform distribution simpler to achieve. Siphons work using only air, normal water pressure and gravity.
This regulation pertains to the waste water management during the construction of a fresh detached residence comprising six bed rooms or less, the addition of another bedroom in an existing home and under certain conditions such as major restoration projects. Whenever a residence has more than six rooms or for complexes that have an everyday water movement rate superior to 3240 Litres, the building of your septic system must be approved by the Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs du Québec.
Odors Inside- If you detect odor inside your home, make sure that all P” traps, or drains, have normal water in them. Whenever a sink, bathtub, toilet, or even washing machine drain is not used for an extended period of time, this in a capture can evaporate, allowing the septic gases to enter the house back again through the dried out snare. The P snare was created specifically to carry water, forming a barrier for odor. Simply run water in the drain for a few minutes to treatment a dry, or empty, trap. You should also check the seal (gasket) around the bottom of your toilets. A busted seal can allow odors into the home. You can replace the gasket yourself, or contact a plumber for service. Odors could also be coming in from the roof top vents, then you can buy and set up charcoal filters.
Distribution Pack - a tank-like field with as much stores as pipes in the disposal field. The effluent flows into the box and through the several outlet stores to the removal field. It is important that the distribution package be level because this system depends on gravity to ensure even flow distribution to all retailers. Distribution containers are easy to inspect and some outlets can be blocked to provide certain trenches an escape.